CriticaLink | Plato: Phaedrus | Terms

Pythagoras (circa 580 - 500 BCE)

A mathematician, philosopher, and mystic, Pythagoras lived in Asia Minor (present-day Turkey) and acquired many followers who adhered to strict dietary and behavioral codes. One of the important ideas attributed to Pythagoras is metempsychosis or the "transmigration of souls," which plays a central role in Plato's theory of anamnesis.