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Claude Lévi-Strauss


Anthropologist Claude Lévi-Strauss is a major contributor to the theoretical movement known as structuralism. In the late 1930s he studied the cultures of the indigenous people of the Amazon Basin in Brazil, publishing his reflections on this work in Tristes Tropiques in 1955. Structural Anthropology, published in 1958, further developed his structuralist method for analyzing the formal relationships among elements of cultural life that may appear to have little to do with one another, such as the decorations on handicrafts and the organization of family units.