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obsessional neurosis

Now commonly termed an obsessive-compulsive disorder, obsessional neurosis can involve a range of experiences including persistant, unwelcome thoughts; the need to perform a certain action or set of actions at a particular time or in a particular way; and constant checking (of door locks, the stove, one's bank account balance). These behaviors are often accompanied by a pervasive sense of guilt and anxiety. The account of the Rat Man is Freud's most famous description of a case of obsessional neurosis.