CriticaLink | Freud: On Narcissism | Times
Francis Joseph becomes emperor of Austria.
1864 The Roman Catholic Church publishes the Syllabus of Errors, arguing against the toleration of other religions and secular education.
1866 The Peace of Prague ends Prussian hostilities with Austria and Austria's allies Bavaria, Wüaut;rttemberg, Saxony, and Hannover. Bismarck subverts the terms of the peace to ally with southern German states of Bavaria, Wüaut;rttemberg and Baden to consolidate Prussian power.
1867 The Ausgleich between Austria and Hungary creates the Austria-Hungary empire under Francis Joseph.
1869 Liebknecht and Bebel, followers of Karl Marx, found the Social Democratic Party.
1870 Ems telegram from William to Bismarck, edited by Bismarck and released to the press to provoke the French, leads to a French declaration of war against Prussia on July 19. Friedrich Nietzsche takes part in one of the battles of this conflict, at Metz, which he mentions in his "Attempt at a Self-Criticism" in the 1886 edition of The Birth of Tragedy.
The Vatican Council declares the dogma of the infallibility of the Pope.
1871 The French surrender to Prussia with the Treaty of Frankfurt. Prussia gains Alsace and parts of the Lorraine. The German Empire is created under William of Prussia.
The Paris Commune
1872 Friedrich Nietzsche publishes The Birth of Tragedy his first book.
1878 Friedrich Nietzsche's Human, All Too Human appears.
1885 Sigmund Freud studies with Jean Martin Charcot at the Salpetrière in Paris.
1886 Sigmund Freud studies with Jean Martin Charcot at the Salpetrière in Paris.
Friedrich Nietzsche publishes Beyond Good and Evil
1890 After two years of troubled relations, the new Prussian emperor William II compels Bismarck to resign.
1895 Josef Breuer and Sigmund Freud publish Studies on Hysteria
1900 Sigmund Freud's Interpretation of Dreams appears.
Friedrich Nietszche dies.
1901 Jacques Lacan is born in Paris.
1939 Sigmund Freud dies in London.